Two Axes: Freedom and Equality and Four Social orders
Figure 2. The foundations of two-dimensional social theory are the EQUALITY (horizontal) axis and the FREEDOM (vertical) axis. By: P. Tammert.
Figure 4. On the (vertical) axis of freedom, the desire for SELF-REALIZATION and the desire for SELF-ASSERTION (i.e. subjugating others to one’s will) stand as opposites. By: P.Tammert.
Figure 3. Trends on the axis of equality are most strongly influenced by human feelings and desires.
EGOISM, i.e. personal gain and greed, the desire to own more material capital and the drive to protect private property, dominates on the RIGHT side of the axis.
ALTRUISM dominates on the LEFT side of the axis. This concept includes the aspiration to ensure the sustainability of selfless charity as well as society as a whole, requiring social capital and common property. By: P. Tammert.
Figure 5. Four social orders in the two-dimensional approach to social theory (axes of equality and freedom), giving rise to cooperativism, individualism, elitarianism and bureaucratism. By: P. Tammert.